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The Difference Between Fundamentalism and Modernism ()Frank J. Smith, November 2, 2017
Part of the History Lecture series, preached at a Special event service
Modernism fueled by darwinism as publicized in his Origin of Species written in 1859. Modernism enamored with socialism. Modernism emboldened by war between the States and reconstruction era. Mainline Protestant denominations struggled with modernism and fundamentalism. Fundamentalism was simply the fundamental or foundational or traditional/orthodox principles of Historic Christianity. "The Fundamentals" was published in 1910 to appeal to mainline Protestant denominations, such as, Episcopalian, Congregational, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Dutch Reformed, etc. Some fundamental principles included the following: inspiration of Scripture, Christ's deity, virgin birth of Christ, miracles of Jesus, Christ's physical bodily resurrection, and the substitutionary atonement. Fundamentalism was not an united movement. Fundamentalists were not uniform; some did not agree on some doctrines, such as, the age of the earth, evolution, and eschatology (pre-millenialism, post-millenialism, etc.). Pre-millenialists believe that Christ would return before the millenium. Post-millenialists believe that Christ would return after the Golden Age, i.e. millenium. Fundamentalist are charactered as someone who holds to social moorings, such as, no smoking, drinking, gambling, movies, ladies wearing pants, etc. J. Gresham Machen, born July 28, 1884 in Baltimore, MD and died January 1, 1937 in Bismarck, ND. He was raised in the Presbyterian Church of Baltimore (PCUSA). He never married. He graduated in 1902 from John Hopkins University. He studied in NJ at Princeton Theological Seminary. He studied abroad for a year in Germany from 1905-1906 under many liberal and critical and modernist scholars. He taught Greek from 1906-1914. He was ordained to the Gospel Ministry in 1914 and became part of Princeton's staff teaching New Testament. He did volunteer work during World War I in France. In regard to politics, he was an old Jeffersonian Democrat; supporting State rights and against big government policy, such as, national parks, child labor laws, laws against jay-walking, and a federal department of education (established under Jimmy Carter in 1979). Machen bore witness against the idea of a federal DOE in front of Congress in 1936. NOTE: these notes were taken from listening to the first 36 minutes of the lecture.
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